|Stainless Steel – Grade 410, UNS S41000, SUS410|
|ss 410 Chemical Composition|
|Fe, <0.15% C, 11.5-13.5% Cr, >0.75% Ni, <1.0% Mn, <1.0% Si, <0.04% P, <0.03% S|
|What is SS410 material?
SS410 is the basic martensitic stainless steel; like most non-stainless steels it can be hardened by a “quench-and-temper” heat treatment. It contains a minimum of 11.5 per cent chromium, just sufficient to give corrosion resistance properties. It achieves maximum corrosion resistance when it has been hardened and tempered and then polished. SUS410 is a general purpose grade often supplied in the hardened, but still machinable condition, for applications where high strength and moderate heat and corrosion resistance are required.
Martensitic stainless steels are optimised for high hardness, and other properties are to some degree compromised. Fabrication must be by methods that allow for poor weldability and usually the need for a final heat treatment. Corrosion resistance of the martensitic grades is lower than that of the common austenitic grades, and their useful operating temperature range is limited by their loss of ductility at sub-zero temperatures and loss of strength by over-tempering at elevated temperatures.
|410 stainless steel Mechanical Properties
|ss410 Equivalent & Specification Comparison
Does 410 stainless steel rust?
ss410 resists dry atmosphere, fresh water, mild alkalies and acids, food, steam and hot gases. Must be hardened for maximum heat and corrosion resistance. Performance is best with a smooth surface finish. Less corrosion resistant than the austenitic grades and also less than 17% chromium ferritic alloys such as stainless steel 430.
|410 stainless steel Heat Treatment
Annealing 410 stainless steels can be fully annealed at temperatures from 815 to 900 °C, followed by slow furnace cooling and air-cooling. Process annealing of grade 410 steels can be carried out at temperatures ranging from 650 to 760 °C and air-cooled.
Hardening – Hardening of stainless steel 410 can be performed at 925 to 1010 °C, followed by air and oil quenching. Heavy sections of sus410 need to be oil quenched. Tempering, to enhance the mechanical properties and hardness of ss410 steels, follows this process. It is not recommended to perform tempering at temperatures from 400 to 580 °C.