|Stainless Steel 431, UNS S43100, 1.4057, SUS431, ss 431|
|stainless stel 431 Chemical composition|
|Fe, <0.20% C, 15-17% Cr, 1.25-2.50% Ni, <1.00% Mn, <1% Si, <0.040% P, <0.03% S|
|What type of material is 431?|
|431 stainless steel is heat treatable martensitic, nickel-bearing grade has the best corrosion resistance properties of all the martensitic grades. It has excellent tensile and torque strength, and good toughness, making it ideally suited to shafting and bolt applications. It can be hardened to approximately 40HRC. Because of its high yield strength, this grade is not readily cold worked and is therefore not recommended for use in operations such as cold heading, bending, deep drawing or spinning.
Martensitic stainless steels are optimised for high hardness, and other properties are to some degree compromised. Fabrication must be by methods that allow for poor weldability and usually also allow for a final harden and temper heat treatment. Corrosion resistance is lower than the common austenitic grades, and their useful operating temperature range is limited by their loss of ductility at sub-zero temperatures and loss of strength by over-tempering at elevated temperatures.
431 stainless steel heat treatment Properties.
aisi 431 stainless steel equivalent
aisi 431 stainless steel possible Grades
431 stainless steel Heat Treatment
Full anneal – not practical for this grade – it hardens even when cooled slowly.
Process Anneal – heat to 620-660°C and air cool.
Hardened by heating to 980-1065°C, holding for about 1/2 hour then quenching in air or oil. Pre-heating at 760-790°C may be useful for complex parts or those already hardened. Temper to suit mechanical requirements, at temperatures as indicated in the accompanying table.
The tempering range 425-600°C should be avoided due to reduced impact toughness, although the effect is less marked than in most other martensitic grades.