4340 Alloy Steel

E Steel Sdn Bhd are Malaysia steel supplier/stockist providing raw materials to the wide arrays of engineering industries/sectors.

We supply  full range of Carbon Steel sheets, Carbon steel round bar , Carbon steel rod, Carbon steel plate,  Alloy steel , hardened steel , Case Hardened Steel ,Special Steel ,Tool Steel ,Case harden Steel

Grades : ASTM a105, s45c , s50c, AISI4140, AISI4340, AISI4130, 5919, 6587, ASSAB709, ASSAB705

SKU: 4340 High Tensile Steel Category: Tag:

Description

4340 High Tensile Steel, 6582, ASSAB 705, SNCM439, EN24
4340 is a 1.8% nickel – chromium – molybdenum high hardenability high tensile steel – generally supplied hardened and tempered in the tensile range of 930 – 1080 Mpa (condition U) – (Rc 28 – 36)..

Characterised by high strength and toughness in relatively large sections.

Pre hardened and tempered 4340 can be further surface hardened by flame or induction hardening and by nitriding.

1.6582 is used in most industry sectors for applications requiring higher tensile/yield strength than 1.7225 can provide.

Typical applications are: Heavy Duty Shafts, Gears, Axles, Spindles, Couplings, Pins etc.

DIN AISI JIS Chemical Composition
C Si Mn P S Co Cr Mo Ni V W Cu
40NiCr4Mo6 4340H SCM 439H 0.37 to 0.44 0.15 to 0.35 0.55 to 0.90 < 0.04 < 0.03 0.65 to 0.95 0.20 to 0.30 1.55 to 2.00 < 0.35

AISI 4340 Steel Specification and Relevant Standards

Country USA Britain Britain Japan
Standard ASTM A29 EN 10250 BS 970 JIS G4103
Grades 4340 36CrNiMo4/
1.6511
EN24/817M40 SNCM 439/SNCM8

AISI Alloy 4340 Steel Mechanical Properties

Mechannical Properties

(Heat Treated Condition )

Condition Ruling section
mm
Tensile Strength MPa Yield Strength
MPa
Elong.
%
Izod Impact
J
Brinell
Hardness
T 250 850-1000 635 13 40 248-302
T 150 850-1000 665 13 54 248-302
U 100 930-1080 740 12 47 269-331
V 63 1000-1150 835 12 47 293-352
W 30 1080-1230 925 11 41 311-375
X 30 1150-1300 1005 10 34 341-401
Y 30 1230-1380 1080 10 24 363-429
Z 30 1555- 1125 5 10 444-

 

 

Forging
Heat to 1150 oC – 1200 oC maximum, hold until temperature is uniform throughout the section.
Do not forge below 850 oC.
Following forging operation the work piece should be cooled as slowly as possible in sand or dry lime etc.
Heat Treatment
Annealing
Heat to 800 oC – 850 oC, hold until temperature is uniform throughout the section and cool in furnace.
Flame or Induction Hardening
4340 hardened and tempered bar can be further surface hardened by either the flame or induction hardening methods resulting in a case hardness in excess of Rc 50. Parts should be heated as quickly as possible to the austenitic temperature range (830 oC – 860 oC) and required case depth followed by an immediate oil or water quench, depending upon hardness required, workpiece size/shape and quenching arrangements.

Following quenching to hand warm, most components should be tempered between 150 oC – 200 oC to remove quenching stresses in the case. This will have little effect on case hardness.

Hardening
Heat to 830 oC – 860 oC, hold until temperature is uniform throughout the section, soak for 10 – 15 minutes per 25 mm section, and quench in oil, water, or polymer as required.

*Temper immediately while still hand warm.

Nitriding
4340 hardened and tempered bar can also be successfully nitrided, giving a surface hardness of up to Rc 60. Nitriding is carried out at 490 oC – 530 oC, followed by slow cooling (no quench) reducing the problem of distortion. Parts can therefore be machined to near final size, leaving a grinding allowance only. The tensile strength of the core is usually not affected since the nitriding temperature range is generally below the original tempering temperature employed.

N.B. Nickel is inert to the action of nitrogen and in general resists its diffusion into steel. This can result in lower case hardness or longer nitriding cycle times for steels containing nickel such as 4340.

Stress Relieving
Heat to 600 oC – 650 oC, hold until temperature is uniform throughout the section, soak for 1 hour per 25 mm of section, and cool in still air.
Tempering
Re-heat to 450 oC – 660 oC as required, hold until temperature is uniform throughout the section, soak for 1 hour per 25 mm of section, and cool in still air.

N.B. Tempering should be avoided if possible within the range 250 oC – 450 oC due to temper brittleness.

Notes on Heat Treatment
Heating temperatures, rate of heating, cooling and soaking times will vary due to factors such as work piece size/shape also furnace type employed, quenching medium and work piece transfer facilities etc..

Please consult your heat treater for best results.

Machining
4340 in the hardened and tempered as supplied condition is still regarded as being readily machinable and operations such as turning and drilling etc. can be carried out satisfactorily using machine manufacturers, recommendations for suitable tool type – feeds and speeds.
Welding
Welding of 4340 in the hardened and tempered condition (as normally supplied), is not recommended and should be avoided if at all possible, as the mechanical properties will be altered within the weld heat affected zone. It is preferred that welding be carried out on 4340 while in the annealed condition, and that the work piece, immediately on cooling to hand warm, is then stress relieved at 640 oC – 660 oC prior to hardening and tempering.

If welding in the hardened and tempered condition is really necessary, then the work piece, immediately on cooling to hand warm, should be if possible stress relieved at 15 oC below the original tempering temperature (if known).